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What are the Different Types of Air Conditioners?

Closeup of Outdoor Air Conditioning unit

An efficient air conditioning system is a household essential. However, homeowners shouldn’t just go for the first AC model they see. Instead, they should evaluate their options to determine which air conditioner type best suits their household’s needs. 

At ACS, we deliver top-quality air conditioning services to the Georgians who need it most. With decades of industry experience, our team of certified HVAC professionals provides lasting AC solutions for homes and businesses of all sizes. If you’re debating your AC options, read below for our comprehensive guide on the different types of air conditioners. 

Window Air Conditioner

A window air conditioner is a self-contained AC unit designed to sit in a window or through a hole in an exterior wall. The traditional window air conditioner is positioned so the front faces the inside and the back faces the outdoors, allowing the system to release condensation and heat outside while pushing cool air into the home. 

While window air conditioners come in various sizes to fit different-sized windows, their power is universally the same. Generally, a window air conditioner’s cooling capabilities are limited compared to other air conditioner types because of their small size and static location. That said, they are typically best fit for condos, apartments, and other small spaces that don’t require widespread coverage. 

Central Air Conditioner

For most households, a central air conditioner is their first pick. With the ability to cool every room efficiently and quietly, central air conditioners are often viewed as the most efficient AC models on the market. A central air conditioner uses what is known as a split system, meaning it has two main units, the condensing unit and the evaporating unit, that work together to cool your home. Connected through refrigerant tubing, the condensing unit generates cool air that is propelled into the evaporative unit and pushed throughout your home’s air ducts.

While central air conditioners are favorable among most homeowners, they can be more expensive than other AC models. Central air conditioners also have an extra installation step, as they must be appropriately sized for your home. If the system is too large or small, it won’t cool your home adequately. 

Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioner

If your home doesn’t support an extensive duct system, you might opt for a ductless mini-split model. A ductless mini-split air conditioner consists of one indoor and one outdoor unit. The outdoor unit contains the system’s compressor, condenser and condenser fan, while the indoor unit has a circulation fan, expansion valve, and evaporator coil. The two units are connected through tubing that carries the refrigerant lines, an electrical line, and a drain line that empties accumulated moisture. 

Overall, ductless mini-split systems are a good fit for smaller, older homes that don’t have pre-existing duct systems. They have also become increasingly popular in hotels and other multi-unit buildings due to their easy installation and ability to control room temperatures individually. 

Portable Air Conditioner

A portable air conditioner is a single, self-contained, free-standing air conditioning unit that can be moved from room to room. To operate these simple models, all it takes is a power outlet and access to a window where the unit can vent heat outdoors through its exhaust hose. Homeowners love portable air conditioners for their low price, simple setup, and mobility. However, most do not use this model for their primary air conditioning system, as they are only helpful for cooling small spaces and tend to be noisy during operation. 

Floor Mounted Air Conditioner

If you don’t have the space for a wall-mounted mini-split AC unit, a floor-mounted air conditioner could be your solution. Resonating with its name, a floor-mounted air conditioner rests on the floor, connecting to its outdoor unit through a tiny wall incision. Floor-mounted air conditioners have excellent heating and cooling capabilities because of their positioning. Because they sit on ground level, these models can cool the room more uniformly and efficiently than units mounted high up on the wall. However, their performance can be compromised if obstacles like furniture block their ventilation. 

HVAC Heating and Cooling with ACS

At ACS, we are committed to helping you get the most out of your heating and cooling systems. With our comprehensive selection of air conditioning services, you can invest in your home or business’ HVAC health and optimize your comfort all year long. If you’re looking for air conditioning repair, replacement, installation, or routine maintenance for your home or business, connect with our team today!